The Porsche 911 is a luxury sports car that has been produced by Porsche AG since 1964. Over the years, the model series has been renewed several times. However, many features of the original model have been retained, such as the full-rear configuration, the fastback coupe body, the six-cylinder boxer engine and the 2+2 seating configuration in the interior. Turbo variants of the vehicle also exist,
There are eight generations launched in 1964, 1974, 1988, 1993, 1998, 2004, 2011 and 2018, distinguished by their type designation: 901, 930, 964, 993, 996, 997, 991 and 992.
At the time of Porsche's founding, the company produced the Porsche 356, which it later replaced. Although it was a remarkable car, the model based on the Volkswagen Type 1 project began to show signs of fatigue in the late 1950s. During this period, and coinciding with investments in the future 356 B and C series, Porsche began developing an entirely new model.
Outside of Europe, the 356 won the Carrera Panamericana, a rally through the Mexican Republic, in 1952 and 1953. Victories in this race were the origin of the "Carrera" designation for the 356 and 911.
As a small company, Porsche took the development of the successor to its most important and, at the time, only model series very seriously, knowing that failure could land the company in trouble. Thus, several models were produced between 1959 and 1961. The 1961 695 T-7 model proved to be the most promising among them and was the result of the efforts of Ferdinand Alexander Porsche ("Butzi") and Erwin Komenda. Rumor has it that the choice of the Reutter body factory was primarily to avoid conflict between Butzi and Komenda.
Originally planned as an additional model series, it narrowly missed the market niche occupied by Mercedes-Benz sedans. With a wheelbase 100 mm longer than that of the 356, the 695 was effectively a four-seater, with a flat six-cylinder engine, the same structure as the 356, and the basic body of the later 911, but with a very different rear end, as the car was essentially a sedan, somewhere between a 2+2 and a four-seat configuration. The engines tested were those of the 356 Carrera 2 (Type 587/1) and the more complex Type 745, a 1991 cc (2 liter) six-cylinder slightly different from the 901 engine developed later.
When Ferdinand Porsche realized that a 2+2 fastback was the best solution to replace the 356 in the same niche, Porsche redesigned the rear of the prototype, resulting in what was then the 901. With an all-new MacPherson strut front suspension, four-wheel disc brakes like the 356 C, and a slightly improved rear suspension over the 356, the car was essentially the finished 911.
The first generation was unveiled at the Frankfurt Motor Show on September 12, 1963, and was intended as a replacement for the Porsche 356, which was an immediate success. However, in a story widely known in the automotive world, Peugeot managed to get Porsche to change the name of the car, as the company owned the rights to car names consisting of three digits with a zero in the middle. Thus, by changing a single number, Porsche created a model that would endure to this day. It went on sale in 1964.
A few models still bearing the designation 901 were produced, but they are rare today. However, from 1964 onwards, even though the internal designation changed from where the names came from until then, such as "356", "695" or the still existing "901", the various models in the category continued to be called 911 and the shapes drawn in the 1960s designs, although reminiscent of the 356 and still reminiscent of the Volkswagen Type 1, remained the ultimate identifier of the line and the rest of the brand. Just look at the latest Cayenne model, which, despite being an SUV (sport utility vehicle), is easily recognizable as a Porsche.
The prototype was called "Porsche 901", but a lawsuit by Peugeot resulted in the brand name being changed to 911, like the emergency telephone number in the United States, and its recognition began to increase dramatically.
It would be idle for Prior Design to list all the models of the 911 here, as it is a very extensive list. It was and is always sold as the "Porsche 911" even though it used the in-house code, hybrid variants also existed in the 1980s. The original model, sometimes called the "classic 911", is the first car of the long-running series, one of the most prestigious emblems developed by the German manufacturer.
Since 2019, the now eighth generation of the Porsche 911 has been on the roads under the type designation 992. Like many Porsche 911s, it comes as the 911 Carrera, Carrera 4, Carrera S, Carrera 4S, but also as the GTS, GT3, the Turbo and the Turbo S. The Porsche 911 Turbo S is the most powerful in this class with a 3.8 liter biturbo engine and 650 hp at 800 Nm.
The other variants have between 3 liters and 4 liters of displacement. Except for the GT3, all these cars are equipped with a turbocharger. Unlike the Porsche 991, this is the very first time that Porsche has evolved from a naturally aspirated engine to a turbocharged biturbo engine in a complete series, as many Porsche fans know.